The Wider Picture

The general situation in early Victorian England was that school was for the children of the rich. There were few schools other than those provided by the churches and those that provided a very elementary service (little more than a child minding service). Even very young children could work and therefore be a source of income to their families. Therefore there was some reluctance for children to be sent to school. Possibly they would be allowed to attend a Sunday school. The British and Foreign School Society for the Education of the Labouring and Manufacturing Classes of Society of Every Religious Persuasion supported the building of the British Schools linked to the non-conformist churches. The National Society for Promoting the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church supported the building of National Schools, and these were linked to the Church of England. The 1870 Elementary Education Act dictated that in areas where there were insufficient school places then a School Board should be created to oversee the provision of a local non-denominated school. Parents still had to pay for their children to attend, but, where they were unable to the School Board would pay. These boards were financed through the local rates. School attendance for five to ten year olds became compulsory in 1880 although 'truancy' rates were high. The upper age limit was gradually extended. In 1891 elementary education was made free.

Early Malton Schools

Trade directories and newspaper advertisements indicate that there were a number of schools or academies operating in the 1820s. Those wanting their children to attend would have needed to pay 'reasonable fees'. A Mrs Soulby ran a school in Yorkersgate for 'a limited number of Young Ladies to be instructed in English, History, ancient and modern, Chronology, and Work.' Fees were stated to be twenty six guineas per annum [1] W. Constable ran the Newbegin House School and advertised in 1880: The attention of Agriculturists, Tradesmen, and all engaged in Commercial pursuits, is directed to the above school, in which the course of instruction is particularly adapted to the educational requirements for the sons of the above classes at the present time. The chief features of the school are: Excellent Accommodation, Thorough Education, Diet Substantial, Terms Reasonable … [2]

  • [1] Yorkshire Gazette, 11 May 1822
  • [2] Driffield Times, 10 January 1880
Malton Adult Schools

The Malton Adult Schools were founded in 1875, and in 1882 a larger building was erected on the site of an old Friends’ Meeting-house. In 1906, an additional wing, containing billiard-room, classrooms etc., was erected [1] For more information about the Malton Adult School see this article transcribed from the Yorkshire Gazette, 30 December 1905.

  • [1] Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, 11 October 1906

Malton Sunday Schools

The Wesleyans and Primitive Methodists had Sunday Schools operating in the 1820s. The Malton Wesleyan Sunday School celebrated its sixteenth anniversary in October 1840 [1] The Primitive Methodist Sunday School celebrated its twenty-eighth anniversary in July 1854 [2] There was also a Malton Church Sunday School, presumably under the wing of St. Michael's [3]

  • [1] Yorkshire Gazette, 24 October 1840
  • [2] Yorkshire Gazette, 5 August 1854
  • [3] York Herald, 6 August 1842

THE MISSES HALL (Successors to the Misses Spence) beg to announce that they receive YOUNG LADIES to board and Educate in the sound principles of a useful and accomplished Education. Their Establishment affords great and numerous advantages on Moderate Terms, and its healthy situation, good order, and general arrangements are well known and universally appreciated. References may be had from Parents of Pupils now under their charge. A PUPIL TEACHER will be required after the Vacation. YG Saturday 29 June 1867

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MRS. SOULBY takes this opportunity of calling the attention of the Public to her Establishment, for a limited number of Young Ladies, to be instructed in English, History, ancient and modern, Chronology, and Work. Terms, Twenty-six Guineas per annum - Entrance One Guinea - Music, Drawings, and French, &c, &c on the most reasonable Terms. The House is spacious and handsome, beautifully situated in a large Garden, to which the Pupils will have free access.

The School will be open on the 22nd JULY next.

Yorkshire Gazette Saturday, 11 May 1822

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