Charles Marshall

c1807 - 1891 Died 25th April 1891, at the age of 84. His marriage to Mary Wilson, eldest daughter of Mr. J. Wilson of the Rose and Crown Inn, Malton was announced in August 1836 [1] and he was described as 'master of the classical and commercial academy.' He came to Malton about 50 years ago as a private schoolmaster, and he had the tuition of most of the leading tradesmen and many others now living in the town. Then he became clerk at Earl Fitzwilliam’s estate office, and was for many years Inspector of Nuisances. At one period he was an enthusiastic supporter of Malton Cricket Club. He was Churchwarden at St. Michael’s [2]. At the time of the 1841 census he was living in the Market Place and described as a School Master. He presumably ran a boarding school as there were 3 assistants and 18 pupils living at the same ‘household’. This is confirmed in October 1851 when the death of his wife, Mary, was announced, referring to her as ‘wife of Mr. Charles Marshall, of the Commercial Boarding School, Malton’ [3]
In 1859 [4], the school is described as 'CLASSICAL, MATHEMATICAL AND COMMERCIAL SCHOOL At this establishment young Gentlemen are comfortably Boarded and carefully Instructed in the Greek and Roman Classics, English Grammar, Penmanship, Arithmetic, Merchants Accounts, Mathematics, Mensuration, Land Surveying, Gauging, Trigonometry, Navigation, Algebra, the elements of Euclid, Geography with the use go the Globes, History etc. French, Music, Drawing, &c., on the usual terms. Each young Gentleman to be provided with Sheets, Pillow-Cases, and Towels, or pay for the use of them
In December 1860 he was appointed ‘Inspector of Nuisances’ [5] and in the 1861 census he is described as such and living in Norton. He was very active in this role as can be seen in the newspapers. In February 1875 he brought Henry Blanchard (a butcher in Malton, and one of my own family) before the court for obstructing the passage of Old Maltongate, by placing a block and other articles thereon ...’ [6] Further examples abound and he summoned Robert Walkington, landlord of the New globe hotel, Malton ‘for allowing a nuisance to exist on his premises, caused by defective arrangements in his water closet system.’ [7] and bringing to the Malton Petty Sessions Mr. William Foster for committing a nuisance by keeping dogs in a dwelling house – Mr. Marshall found six. [8] By the time of the 1891 census he is retired and living in Middlecave Road.
[1] Leeds Times, 13 August 1836
[2] York Herald, 2 May 1840
[3] Yorkshire Gazette, 18 October 1851
[4] York Herald, 8 January 1859
[5] Yorkshire Gazette, 29 December 1860
[6] York Herald, 20 February 1875
[8] York Herald, 6 March 1875
[8] York Herald, 31 December 1877
Report York Herald, 2 May 1891


William Metcalfe & Wm. R. Metcalfe

It seems a very long time ago since the late Mr. William Metcalfe went to live at Rockingham House, on The Mount. In those days I often used to meet the stout, fresh-looking old gentleman as he walked to his duties of senior partner in the milling and corn factors’ business in Castlegate, and in my boyish way wondered how it was possible for one man to make a large mill “go” from the small office to which my father had once taken me. I do not think I ever spoke to him, but I was attracted by his fine face and presence. Mr. Metcalfe was a good business man a loyal Churchman, a Conservative in politics, and at one time, at any rate, was interested in town affairs so far as to allow himself to be elected on the Local Board of health. He was, in fact, one of the eighteen gentlemen chosen by their fellow-townsmen at the formation of the old local Board in 1854. At his death, in 1895, after two years illness, all but four of his fellow-workers had already passed away.
It will be of interest to give the names of the gentlemen constituting our first Local Board:- Captain Copperthwaite, John Holmes, John Hopkins, William Hurtley, Henry Jackson, Thomas Walker, Wm. Walker, James Williamson, Wm. Lovell, Wm. Metcalfe, Isaac Priestman, Robert Searle, A. Simpson, John Slater, James smith, Robert Wise, J. Wright, and Robert Wyse.
Mr. Metcalfe retired from the board in 1855, his place being taken by the late Mr. Samuel King.
Mr. Metcalfe was essentially one of our local “Captains of Industry,” taking, I should judge, the view which all of us who have been in America find prevalent there – that the best service which a man can perform to his town and country is by devoting himself wholly to the mastery of the details of his own business, and developing that business to the utmost of his power. I have not made enquiries, but I should suppose that the present head of the prosperous milling firm of W. Metcalfe and Sons (our esteemed townsman, Alderman Robert Metcalfe) would trace much of the firm’s success to the steady, persevering work of his father. Certainly, in viewing the trade of Malton during the last half century, the labour of the late Mr. William Metcalfe deserves honourable remembrance.
I never think of old Mr. Wm. Metcalfe without remembering his son, the late Mr. W.R. Metcalfe, who died only two years afterwards, after an illness which quite baffled the doctors. Mr. William was the younger brother of Alderman Metcalfe, and began his business career in the York City and County Bank at Middlesborough. He left that position in order to join the family business in Malton, and was looked upon with special affection by the employees of the firm. Those who knew Mr. William Metcalfe in his private life had the same feeling for him, and many pleasant memories attach to the house he occupied on The Mount, especially after his marriage with Miss Florence M. Hopkins, now the wife of Councillor J.M. Hogge, of York. Mr. William was a past Master of the Camaladunam Lodge of Freemasons. He was an ardent lover of nature, delighted in travel and liked to talk to you of his favourite books. His early death at the age of 41 years left many of us grieving for the loss of a loveable character – of a man who promised to be of great assistance in the development of the town and district.
SPECTATOR Bygone Maltonians, No 6, Yorkshire Gazette, 4 November 1911

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William Metcalfe

Died on Sunday, 20th October 1895, aged 77 years, one of the oldest merchants in Malton. In conjunction with his late father and brother, and then with his sons, he carried on the business of corn merchant and miller. In the best days of the Derwent navigation, when a large traffic in corn and coal etc. was done on the river, the firm of Messrs. Metcalfe occupied a prominent position. He was of a very retiring disposition, and did not take a prominent part in public affairs. He was a shrewd, sensible man of business, and his opinion was of great weight in all commercial matters. In politics he was a good Conservative; in religion a staunch Churchman, and he was ever ready with his purse to help all deserving objects in the town and district. He leaves two sons – Mr. Robert Metcalfe, J.P. (who is County Councillor for Malton), of West Royd, and Mr. William R. Metcalfe, of the Mount – to carry on the business, and there are also several daughters. The funeral obsequies were conducted by the Rev. G.A. Firth and C.J. Chapman. Many marked tokens of their respect for the memory of the deceased were shown by his fellow townsmen.
Funeral Report – York Herald, 24 October 1895


Charles Monkman

To the generation of today the name of Charles Monkman is unknown. But in his day he was one of the best known men in Malton. His father, a retired mason who lived in his own freehold house in Wheelgate – now owned and occupied by Mr. Willows, was one of Malton’s most eccentric men. For instance, if the Rev. Mr. Carter, or any other clergyman, passed by he would call out “Now then, thou Jerusalem post boy,” or occasionally, “Well, old sky pilot.” Mr. carter, who was a genial soul, would smilingly hail Mr. Monkman, but more sensitive people were perhaps naturally offended with this kind of humour.
After leaving school, Charles, the younger, lived for some time at home and cultivated the art of painting landscapes, under the tuition of George Nicholson, the famous local artist. But he was not destined to achieve distinction, although he showed several oil paintings at a Liverpool exhibition and received honourable mention. He then turned his attention to literature, becoming reporter to several newspapers, including the then newly-established Malton papers. The connection became still closer when he married a daughter of Mr. Barnby, the original proprietor of the “Malton Gazette.” He frequently contributed to the magazines; and one on Flint Jack, which was very successful, to either “Household Works” or “All the Year Round.” He was well up in botany, and, in company with John Muckell, would go on long botanical tours, bringing back with him fine specimens of plants and ferns.
A very kind-hearted man, Mr. Monkman would send little delicacies to invalids of his acquaintance, and was always ready to do a good turn to anybody, and surely that kind of disposition is even better than the possession of great ability! He died at a comparatively early age, and was greatly missed by his old friends and acquaintances. Mr. James Brown succeeded to his connection with the various newspapers in the town and district.
SPECTATOR Bygone Maltonians, V, Yorkshire Gazette, 9 November 1912

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Lord Morpeth

To most Yorkshiremen there has only been one Lord Morpeth – George William Frederick Howard, who, in 1848, became the seventh Earl of Carlisle, or, as people loved to call him, “The Good Earl.” He was well known in Malton. I have often heard how, on his annual visits to the Malton branch of the British and Foreign Bible Society, he would stop to take tea with the Misses Esther and Ann Priestman, who then lived on the Brows.
In 1830, Lord Morpeth was elected to the Reform Parliament, along with Lord Brougham, and two years later was returned for the West Riding of Yorkshire, but lost this seat in 1841. He recovered it, however, in 1846. His earnest support of Earl Grey’s measures is a matter of history. His chief title to remembrance, however, is from the fact that from 1855 to 1858 and again from 1859 to 1864 he was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland – an office which he filled with satisfaction to the Government and also to the Irish people, as the many presents from the Emerald Isle, which are shown to visitors at Castle Howard show. Lord Morpeth’s knowledge of Ireland began with the Chief Secretaryship, 1835-1841, during which period his sister, Lady Normanby, was the indirect cause of what is known as “The Bedchamber” incident, by which the fortunes of an Administration were seriously affected.
Any public movements of a progressive character had his lordship’s earnest support, and among these it is pleasant to remember Education, a free and untaxed Press, Free Trade, factory legislation, and the cause of the slave, in addition to Parliamentary reform. I believe I am in right in saying that the first English edition of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” contained a preface from his pen.
This was not the only literary work done by Lord Morpeth. He published “The Last of the Greeks, or the fall of Constantinople,” a tragedy which deserves to be taken down from the bookshelves in view of present-day happenings; lectures on his travels and on various literary subjects; and many fugitive pieces, including the inscription on the square pedestal erected by his father near the iron gates of the entrance to the Rosary of the Castle Howard gardens. These lines commence with a reference to the “deep silence of the pathless wild, where kindlier nature once profusely smil’d.”
After the defeat at the West Riding election, Lord Morpeth paid a visit to the United States, where he was entertained with pronounced demonstrations of respect. His character has thus been described: “Carlisle was able and kind hearted, with cultivated tastes, and great fluency of speech. Without commanding abilities or great strength of will, his gentleness endeared him to all those with whom he came into contact. As Lord Lieutenant he devoted his efforts to improve agriculture and manufacture of Ireland, and was successful and popular there.”
Visitors to Castle Howard should make a point of looking at an engraving in chalk by F. Holl of Lord Morpeth; a large miniature by Carrick; a water-colour painted in Greece; and two busts of his lordship as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. The Bulmer Hill monument contains timely references to Lord Morpeth and his public work; and in Phoenix Park, Dublin, is a bronze statue to his memory by Foley.
Lord Morpeth succeeded to the title in 1848, and died, full of honours, in 1864, the funeral taking place in the Mausoleum in Castle Howard Park.

SPECTATOR Bygone Maltonians, Yorkshire Gazette, 4th January 1913


Lady Julia Middleton

I have little hesitation in saying that the most handsome anc courtly face and figure seen in Malton in the latter half of the 19th century were those of Lady Julia Middleton, only daughter of Mr. Alexander W. Bosville, of Thorpe and Gunthwaite, who married Mr. Henry Willoughby, of Birdsall, in 1843, succeeding to the title in 1856.
Born to a great estate in this world, the eighth Lady Middleton had respect to the needs of the humble, and always remembered that those with whom she did business, or who served her and her family in simple ways, were her fellow creatures, children of the same Father, experiencing in their humble lot similar joys and sorrows to her own.
Almost invariably Lord and Lady Middleton spent the winters among their Yorkshire tenantry; their summers at Wollaton, the historic seat of the Willoughbys; and their autumns at Applecross, Rosshire, an estate of 80,000 acres purchased by Lord Middleton from the Duke of Leeds.

THE MIDDLETON MOTTO

“Verite sans Peur”
(Truth Without Fear).

Crest, A man’s head, couped at the shoulders, affrontee ppr. Ducally crowned, or.
Arms. Quarterly: 1st and 4th or frettee azure (WILLOUGHBY) 2nd and 3rd or two bars gules, charged with three water bougets, two on the upper an done on the lower bar argent.

Lady Middleton was a great horsewoman, and at one time hunted the Birdsall country five or six days a week, sitting in her favourite chestnut, Punch. She was, too, a splendid judge of horse flesh – so good, indeed, that John Scott said that he would have as soon taken her opinion on a tow-year-old as that of any visitor to Whitewall.

Lord Middleton died in 1877, when his widow took up her residence at Settrington House, which originally belonged to Queen Elizabeth and afterwards to the Duke of Richmond. The sixth Lord Middleton purchased it from a member of the Sykes family.

In this substantial and beautifully situated mansion, in the year 1888, Lady Middleton entertained the Duke of Clarence, and many Maltonians will remember the private theatricals at Malton arranged for this occasion and taken part in, among others, by the present Lady Middleton (daughter of Sir Alexander P. Gordon-Cumming), who is a dramatist of no mean order.

Julia Lady Middleton was an ardent Churchwoman, and with the help of her children, completed the building of the present church of St. Mary’s, at Birdsall, in the year 1879, in memory of her husband. In the north and south of the nave are windows inserted to the glory of God and to the memory of this gracious lady, who, it will be of interest to add, erected the beautiful School House, in a garden, lower down the village.

After a long, honourable, and useful life, the Dowager Lady Middleton died in October of 1901 at Settrington. The interment took place in the family vault in the chancel of Birdsall Church a few days later, crowds of people being present at the funeral.

There might be said of her what Mrs, Aubrey Richardson wrote of certain women leaders in social movements in the Church of England, that she was “staunch, hard-working, and devoted; and that her personal piety purified and sustained others beside herself.”


SPECTATOR Bygone Maltonians, Yorkshire Gazette, 1st March 1913


Joseph and Thomas Moon

Sometimes, as I walk down Wheelgate, I stop involuntarily thinking that I see approaching Mr. Joseph Moon and his son Thomas, whose one-time clothes shop is now in the occupation of Mr. Robinson. I well remember being taken by my father along the street and down the steps into their somewhat dark shop in order to be fitted up with all those things which a growing boy so often needs (in his parent's eyes at any rate!) Mr. Joseph Moon was a tall, silver-haired old gentleman, holding his head and shoulders erect as if he feared no one, whatever their degree. He was a pillar of the Primitive Methodist Church, and acted as society steward.
I have been told that Mr. Moon's father was at one time landlord of the Golden lion Inn - a singular thing when it is considered what a strict total abstainer he himself was. He formed one of the band of Malton stalwarts who did so much for the cause of temperance in the middle and second half of last century, and I still possess a group photograph of those reformers, taken in the garden of Mr. Moon's house. Among those with him were Messrs. Henry Taylor, Chas. Witham, Geo. Cressey, and Ward.
In early life Mr.Moon was apprenticed to Mr. Crawford, tailor and draper, in Wheelgate. He commenced business in Kilham, but some years later returned to Malton and started on his own account in the shop which I first knew when in the occupation of Messrs. Jackson but which now, unfortunately, is empty. Soon, however, he went to the Wheelgate premises, continuing there until Mr. Bell succeeded him. Mr Moon died in 1878, and their only son, Thomas, in 1884. When the business was given up, Mr. Moon went to live with his son-in-law, the Rev. M. Sullivan, in York, but died at Scarborough in 1895, at the ripe age of seventy-nine years.
Mr. Thomas Moon was only thirty-six years old when he passed away, to the grief of his friends and the loss of the whole town. His last public appearance was, I believe, at a Sunday Closing meeting, and his attachment to the work is shown by the fact that for many years he was secretary of the Malton Temperance Society. He also occupied the position of chairman of the newly-formed Liberal committee, and was an integrated member of the Literary Institute. An old friend of his, with whom he frequently travelled from place to place in the British Isles and in France, has told me of the enjoyment Mr. Thomas Moon derived from tours such as these, during which they would frequently discuss theological and other subjects. Only a few weeks before his death, from peritonitis, Mr. Moon had been in Devonshire and Dorset. My own chief recollection of him is that he was invariably kind and steadily concerned about the business in hand. He was just that type of man we want so much in these days - a character willing to spend and be spent for the humdrum affairs involved in the life of a comparatively small community.
SPECTATOR Bygone Maltonians, XI, Yorkshire Gazette, 25 November 1911

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