It is a challenge to know how best to organise the information I have about Malton. If the information is specific to a street I have generally included it on one of the pages listed on the left. For example, pictures of Yorkersgate, notes about the buildings and businesses in Yorkersgate will therefore be found on the Yorkersgate page.
However, you will also find street specific information on the Census page, and also on the People page where you will find transcripts of Thomas Baker's “Memories of Malton and Some of its Inhabitants in the ‘Sixties and Onwards” which is organised by street. Incidentally the reference to 'Sixties' is 1860s.
Where is/was that Street
The occurrence of the streets and yards through the various censuses, together with the locations of the less obvious ones is shown in the table here
. It is hoped that this table will help those unfamiliar with the town and also begin to show when streets and yards appeared or disappeared. A big thank you to Larraine Williams for sharing her research on this.
What Was the Town Like?
One can begin to build a picture of what Malton was like in the 1850s by reading the report of the General Board of Health regarding the Sanitary Condition of Malton, written in 1854 . What follows is based on my reading of that report.
In 1851 the population of Malton was 7,661 and there were 1,545 houses, so around 5 people in each house. This was just an average, browse my transcript of the 1851 census to see how much this could vary. A quarter of the deaths were caused by ‘zymotic diseases’ (fevers and contagious diseases (e.g. typhus and typhoid fevers, smallpox, scarlet fever, measles, whooping cough, cholera, diphtheria etc.) Medical opinion considered the incidence of fever was due to stagnant refuse near and within houses, and to the general filthy state of streets, lanes, courts and yards which were without proper sewers and drains.
The larger portion of the population lived in small houses, having no drainage, and imperfect means of ventilation. The water supply was from pumps and wells, carried to the place of use, and which was often stored in open vessels in living rooms where it became ‘tainted by absorbing gases of decomposition.’ In parts the town was overcrowded. There were courts of cottages, entered by covered passages, in which privies, cesspools, and pigsties have been improperly placed. Some old houses are thatched; the greatest number are covered with red tiles; a few of the newer houses are slated. Most of the old homes are built of wall stone limewashed externally. The living rooms are small and low; the bedrooms are very low, the roofs spring from the side walls some three feet above the floor. Many rooms are let off in separate tenements. The streets are partially formed of broken stone, with paved channels; some are boulder-paved, refuse and slop water drainage from the courts and houses flowing on to the streets, and over the surface. Large ash-middens, privies, and cesspools are crowded amidst dwelling-houses, beneath room windows, and even underneath sleeping rooms. Rent for houses of two rooms range from £3 to £4 and 2s3d a quarter rates.
 York Herald, 15 July 1854