Wider Picture

The general situation in early Victorian England was that school was for the children of the rich. There were few schools other than those provided by the churches and those that provided a very elementary service (little more than a child minding service). Even very young children could work and therefore be a source of income to their families. Therefore there was some reluctance for children to be sent to school. Possibly they would be allowed to attend a Sunday school.
The British and Foreign School Society for the Education of the Labouring and Manufacturing Classes of Society of Every Religious Persuasion supported the building of the British Schools linked to the non-conformist churches. The National Society for Promoting the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church supported the building of National Schools, and these were linked to the Church of England.
The 1870 Elementary Education Act dictated that in areas where there were insufficient school places then a School Board should be created to oversee the provision of a local non-denominated school. Parents still had to pay for their children to attend, but, where they were unable to the School Board would pay. These boards were financed through the local rates.
School attendance for five to ten year olds became compulsory in 1880 although 'truancy' rates were high. The upper age limit was gradually extended. In 1891 elementary education was made free.

Early Malton Schools

Trade directories and newspaper advertisements indicate that there were a number of schools or academies operating in the 1820s. Those wanting their children to attend would have needed to pay 'reasonable fees'.
A Mrs Soulby ran a school in Yorkersgate for 'a limited number of Young Ladies to be instructed in English, History, ancient and modern, Chronology, and Work.' Fees were stated to be twenty six guineas per annum [1]
W. Constable ran the Newbegin House School and advertised in 1880: The attention of Agriculturists, Tradesmen, and all engaged in Commercial pursuits, is directed to the above school, in which the course of instruction is particularly adapted to the educational requirements for the sons of the above classes at the present time. The chief features of the school are: Excellent Accommodation, Thorough Education, Diet Substantial, Terms Reasonable … … [2]
[1] Yorkshire Gazette, 11 May 1822
[2] Driffield Times, 10 January 1880

Malton Adult Schools

The Malton Adult Schools were founded in 1875, and in 1882 a larger building was erected on the site of an old Friends’ Meeting-house. In 1906, an additional wing, containing billiard-room, classrooms etc., was erected [1]
For more information about the Malton Adult School see this article transcribed from the Yorkshire Gazette, 30 December 1905.
[1] Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, 11 October 1906

Malton Sunday Schools

The Wesleyans and Primitive Methodists had Sunday Schools operating in the 1820s.
The Malton Wesleyan Sunday School celebrated its sixteenth anniversary in October 1840 [1]
The Primitive Methodist Sunday School celebrated its twenty-eighth anniversary in July 1854 [2]
There was also a Malton Church Sunday School, presumably under the wing of St. Michael's [3]
[1] Yorkshire Gazette, 24 October 1840
[2] Yorkshire Gazette, 5 August 1854
[3] York Herald, 6 August 1842


THE MISSES HALL (Successors to the Misses Spence) beg to announce that they receive YOUNG LADIES to board and Educate in the sound principles of a useful and accomplished Education. Their Establishment affords great and numerous advantages on Moderate Terms, and its healthy situation, good order, and general arrangements are well known and universally appreciated. References may be had from Parents of Pupils now under their charge.
A PUPIL TEACHER will be required after the Vacation.
YG Saturday 29 June 1867


The Malton Wesleyan Day School celebrated its second anniversary in November 1875 [2]
[2] York Herald, 11 November 1875

MR. F. RICHARDSON respectfully announces to the Inhabitants of Malton and the surrounding Neighbourhood that he has OPENED A DAY SCHOOL, in Yorkersgate, for the Education of Young Gentlemen, and hopes by strict attention to the Interests of his Pupils, to obtain a share of public patronage.
Terms per Quarter for Pupils under Eight Years of Age, 12s.; 8 to 14, 17s.; above 14, One Guinea. Latin and Greek each One Guinea.
The School will be RE-OPENED ON WEDNESDAY, the 15th instant.
Yorkshire Gazette, 4 Jan 1845

The York Herald of 5 January 1874 reports that 'a new elementary school is to be opened in the borough on the 20th inst.; the Wesleyans having stepped in to fill up the blank shown by the Governmental returns to be existing. Mr. Ryder, late of the Wesleyan Training College, has been engaged as master.'

A return of the children on the various school registers in 1891 [1] showed National School, New Malton 247; Wesleyan, mixed, 278, and infants 147; Catholics, 66; Old Malton National, 186; Workhouse school, 6.
[1] York Herald, 14 February 1891

Malton School

In 1823 [1] and 1824 [2] the Reverend John Carter was advertising the re-opening of the Malton School. In the latter case for the ‘Reception of Boarders, July 20th, 1824. Board and Education for Youths under 14, 26 Guineas per Annum.’
Previous to June 1828, a Mr. Leng had succeeded Rev. Carter at this institution and was more specific in his advertising as to the education that could be had:

MR. LENG, Successor to the REV. JOHN CARTER, respectfully begs leave to inform his Friends and the Public, that his School will open on Monday, July 21st., for the Instruction of Youth in the following Branches of Education:- Reading, Penmanship, English Grammar, Arithmetic, Book-keeping, Navigation, Mathematics, Geography, Use of the Globes, Latin, and Greek.
Boarders …. …. 26 Guines per Annum.
Exclusive of a moderate Charge for Washing and Linen. … …
Day Pupils ….. 4 Guineas per Annum.
A Quarter'
Yorkshire Gazette, 28 June 1828

[1] Yorkshire Gazette, 18th January 1823
[2] Yorkshire Gazette, 10 July 1824

Earl fitzwilliam, with his usual liberality and anxiety to promote the education of the rising generation, has contributed £300 towards erecting an infant-school at Malton, capable of holding from 300 to 400 children.
York Herald, 19 November 1836

Scribe Markdown



MRS. SHAKESPEARE BEGS to inform the inhabitants of Malton and its vicinity, that she contemplates establishing a Seminary for the Education of young Ladies; in which she proposes to receive Boarders and Day pupils. The situation of Howard House is extremely healthy and pleasant, and every attention will be paid to the comfort and improvement of those pupils entrusted to her charge. Mrs Shakespeare will be assisted by competent teachers, and no effort will be spared to render the Establishment a throughly efficient one. As Mrs Shakespeare has two sons she will not object to receive a limited number of boys under ten years of age. The School will be opened next Easter. Terms moderate. Prospectuses will be furnished on application.

Malton Messenger, 8 February 1862

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