Pubs and Beerhouses

In 1858 there were 23 public houses and 7 beerhouses in Malton town (possibly not all were listed in the directory.) [1] At the 1874 Brewster Sessions, there were said to be 34 licensed houses in the town (and a further 19 ‘in the country’.) Opening hours in the town were 6am to 10pm and Sundays 12.30 to 2.30 and 6pm to 10pm [2]

A correspondent to the Yorkshire Gazette in 1913 reported that certain pubs and beer houses had closed since 1840 [3] Amongst the vanished hotels that existed in 1840 are the Angel Hotel, Saville-st, Robert Groves (landlord); Black Horse, Yorkersgate, David Hick; Rockingham rms, Wheelgate, Geo. Peterkin; White Hart, Low-st., John miller; White Horse, Yorkersgate, Thos. Vickerman; and beer houses – William Allen, Low-st; Robert Drake, Wheelgate; Mary Harwood, Old Maltongate; William Lapish, Newbegin; William Shuter, Low-st; Henry Simpkin, Old Maltongate

A listing of pubs, inns and beer houses together with brief histories is maintained at Pubs Past and Present - Malton & Norton. The 'Lost Pubs Project' lists pubs that have closed in Malton.
[1] As listed in General Directory and Topography of Kingston-upon-Hull and the City of York by Francis White & Co. 1858
[2] Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 31 August 1874
[3] Yorkshire Gazette, 31 May 1913

NEW GLOBE INN, YORKERSGATE, MALTON
TO BE LET, and Entered upon at Lady Day next, 1853, the above Old Established and well known INN, with about 25 Acres of LAND, occupied by Mr. John Lund for several years past, who is desirous of retiring from the same, having taken a Farm in the neighbourhood.

For further particulars application may be made to J. LUND, or to Mr. ALLEN, at the Lodge, Malton.
18th March 1853.
York Herald, 19 March 1853

CROSS KEYS INN, MALTON.
FOR SALE BY PRIVATE CONTRACT,
OR, TO BE LET
ALL that Old-Established and Well-Accustomed INN, known by the Sign of the CROSS KEYS, with the Brewhouse, Stable, and other Outbuildings adjoining, eligibly situate in Wheelgate, in the borough of MALTON and occupied by Mrs. Rutter, the owner, whose late Husband and herself have occupied the same for the last 36 Years… … …
Yorkshire Gazette, 7 January 1837

MALTON & HUTTONS AMBO
TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION
BY MESSRS BOULTON & SON
On tHURSDAY, the 16th Day of April, 1857, at THREE o'Clock in the Afternoon, in one Lot, at the TALBOT HOTEL, New Malton.
ALL that Well Built MESSUAGE or DWELLING HOUSE, used as an Inn or Public House, and called or known by the name of the "Cross Keys" Inn, with the Stables and Out-Buildings, Yard and Garth, thereto belonging, situate in a certain Street called WHEELGATE, in Malton aforesaid, and now in the occupation of Mrs. STACEY, as Yearly Tenant.
And also all that … …
The Inn is well situated in a central position in the market Town of Malton in a clean and dry situation - has an extensive frontage to the Town Street - has been used as an Inn for many years, and is well accustomed. The Land Tax, 10s a year, has not been redeemed.
… …
Further particulars may be obtained on application to Mr. EDWARD ROSE, Wine Merchant, Malton, Mrs. BARKER, the Talbot Hotel, Malton; or of Messrs. WALKER & SON, Solicitors, Malton.
Yorkshire Gazette, 10 April 1857

TO BE LET
And Entered upon at LADY DAY next,
THE WHITE HORSE INN, in YORKERSGATE, MALTON with upwards of Thirty Acres of LAND, no win the occupation of Mr. THOS. VICKERMAN …..
Yorkshire Gazette, 2 March 1850

JOHN WILSON, late of the Sun Inn, Wheelgate, Malton, sincerely thanks his Friends and the Public, for the liberal and kind support he has received during period of ten years; and begs to inform them, that he has REMOVED TO THE ADJOINING HOUSE, THE ROSE AND CROWN INN, lately known by the Sign of the Ship, where he hopes by strict attention to merit a continuance of their favours.
The Rose and Crown Inn has lately been re-built, and is replete with every accommodation.
MALTON, May 3, 1827
York Herald, 5 May 1827

SUN INN, MALTON
THOMAS SWABY, most respectfully begs leave to acquaint his Friends and the Public in general, that he has TAKEN and entered upon the above commodious and old-established TRAVELLERS' INN (lately occupied by Mr. John Wilson), and hopes, by strict attention to the accommodation of his Customers, to merit the patronage and support which have hitherto been so liberally shown to the House. T.S. begs to observe, that he has entirely refitted the house with new Beds, Furniture, &c., and has laid in a choice Stock of Old Wines & Spirits.
MALTON, May 17, 1827
York Herald, 19 May 1827

Old Talbot Inn

An old newspaper snippet [1] refers to the Old Talbot Inn. "With regard to the Old Talbot, a deed dated 25th October, 1764, describes the house as a messuage, 'burgage' house or tenement known as the Talbot Inn and in the occupation of Robert Cook. Later deeds show in 1807 the house was in the occupation of Mary Reed, in 1816, of Wm. Reed; in 1859, of Matthew Spencer and in 1874 of James Botterill. It is first described as the Old Talbot in the deed of 1859. The substantial building of that house (the walls being two feet thick) testifies to a respectable antiquity. I believe there was originally a mounting stone for horsemen in front of the inn". When this was published the Old Talbot was defunct.

[1] Yorkshire Gazette, 8 February 1908

Brewster Sessions

Each year the superintendent of police would present a report to an annual meeting (known as the ‘Brewster Sessions’) summarising the licensing situation. This would include breaches of licences and cases of drunken behaviour. The justices at the Brewster Sessions would use this in deciding which licences would be renewed, which new ones and transfers would be granted.
At the September 1838 Brewster Sessions, Mr. Lapish, a beer-retailer in Newbiggin applied for a spirit licence but the magistrates concluded there were sufficient spirit licensed houses without making any more. Mr. Lapish had been before the magistrates twice previously. [1]
In 1871 seven of the licensees were brought before the sessions and cautioned that if they were again convicted their licence would be withdrawn, and that from then on following a first caution, licences would be withdrawn. Those from Malton cautioned were James Stabler, of the Green man Inn, Frear Storr of the Crown and Anchor, Richard Walker of the King’s Head, Ann Taylor of the Spotted Cow and Charles potter of the Cross Keys Inn. Joseph Rollinson of the Hare and hounds Inn was told that as he had been twice convicted his licence would be withdrawn. [2]
In 1875 out of 52 licence holders, two had been convicted. The landlord of the Old Talbot Hotel for permitting drunkenness; and the landlord of the Prince of Wales beerhouse for allowing drinking in prohibited hours. Their licences were however renewed. 76 persons were summoned or apprehended for drunkenness with 74 convicted (figures for 1874 were 90 and 88 respectively) in the division. [3] . At this time, there was an active ‘teetotal’ or temperance movement in the town. At the same sessions there was one application for a new licence, from Mr. Thomas Taylor, a grocer in the town who asked for a wine and beer licence for a restaurant he had opened in Yorkersgate. The opposers said that there were quite sufficient places for supplying liquor already existing in the town. Mr. Taylor’s representative made the point that it was not a public-house licence that was being applied for, but one to sell wine and beer to those who came for more solid refreshment. He produced a ‘memorial’ signed by 5 clergymen, including the three vicars of the Malton parishes, plus the principal merchants, tradesmen, and farmers who visited the market. Mr Taylor said he would be content with the wine licence only, which was granted.
[1] York Herald, 8 September 1838
[2] York Herald, 2 September 1871
[3] York Herald, 30 August 1875

Stacks Image 54452

Above taken from Malton Messenger, 23 February 1918

Change of Use

The White Horse Inn, has been given up by Mr. Wm. Drake, and taken by Mr. J. Dunwell, for the purpose of a school [1]
[1] York Herald, 13th October 1860

The Castlegate Vaults

The licensee, Henry Edward Wood, was summoned before Malton Police Court for being drunk on his licensed premises. Fined 10s and 2s6d costs. In the same newspaper his license was transferred to a George Highfield, an army pensioner of Richmond [1]
[1] Yorkshire Gazette, 17 October 1908

The Kings Head

This was seriously damaged in a fire in 1913. Fred Schofield, then licensee applied for a protection order to sell at, the Board Inn. This was granted, provided the license for the Kings Head remained passive. George Hatfield (licensee at the Board Inn, took the license at the Royal Oak Hotel, Old Malton). The license of the Royal Oak, Malton was transferred to Walter Potter, from his mother [1]
[1] Yorkshire Gazette, 17 May 1913
Inn
Angel
Black Bull
Black Swan
Blue Bell
Cross Keys
Crown & Anchor
Fleece
George Inn
Golden Lion
Green Man
Hare and Hounds
King's Head
New Globe
Old Globe
Old Talbot
Rockingham Arms
Rose and Crown
Royal Oak
Sun
Talbot
White Hart
White Horse
White Swan
Location
Saville Street
Market Place
Market Place
Newbegin
Wheelgate
Low Street
Market Place
Yorkersgate
Market Place
Market Place
Newbegin
Market Place
Yorkersgate
Market Place
Market Place
Wheelgate
Wheelgate
Market Place
Wheelgate
Yorkersgate
Castlegate
Yorkersgate
Old Maltongate
TO BE LET
That Old-Accustomed PUBLIC-HOUSE, known by the sign of the WHITE HART INN, situate in Castlegate, Malton; together with 16 Acres of excellent LAND. - For further particulars apply to MR. ATKINSON, on the Premises.
Yorkshire Gazette, 16 March 1861

White Swan Inn

This was in Old Maltongate. An 'action for possession' by Messrs. Troop and Eastwood, brewers, Malton, and was reported on in the Malton Messenger of 24 March 1923. The tenant, Mr. George Field entered the tenancy on 6 April 1912. It was alleged that due to his neglect the business 'practically gone altogether.' He responded that his house had always been a place for lodging by working class men engaged in the town. The reason his trade had gone down was because during the war period the firm had cut his supply to one barrel per week. Consequently he had lost the customer of the Leeds anglers who made the White Swan their headquarters but had to go elsewhere.

Three Pubs Referred for Compensation

In 1923 5 licences were identified for review by the licensing authorities. Among others, Superintendent Craven of the Malton police believed that the 26 fully-licensed houses, 4 beer houses and 4 off-licenses were not necessary. There were at that time 13 situated in Wheelgate, Finkle-street, Market-place and Yorkersgate. He was of the opinion that three could be dispensed with. The report describes the properties and gives some brief statistics as to usage.
The Criterion was at the junction of Finkle-street with the Market-place. It was tied to Rose & Co. There were six other licensed houses within 100 yards. Thomas Potter had been licensee for 11 years.
The Prince of Wales was a beer-house in Finkle-street. There were seven other houses within 100 yards. John Ashpole had been the landlord for 37 years .
The Clarence Vaults, situated in Wheelgate and just 40 yards from the Prince of Wales. The landlord, Robert Blades had been there for over 8 years. Purchased by Chas Rose in 1912.
Castle Howard Ox, a beer-house in Wheelgate and 18 yards from the Clarence Vaults. Geoffrey Blanchard had been landlord for 8 years.
Castlegate Vaults, in Castlegate where Fred Schofield had been tenant for 9 years
Conclusion of the review was to renew the licences of the Clarence Vaults and the Board Inn (Castlegate Vaults), while the Criterion, the Prince of Wales, and the Castle Howard Ox would be referred for compensation. [1]

[1] Malton Messenger, 10 March 1923

Licenses Dispensed With

Under the Licensing Act 1904, The Old Talbot (Market-st), the Hare and Hounds (Newbiggin), and the Workmen's Arms beer house (Old Maltongate) had their licenses dispensed with on 31st December 1907. Based on the last census that left one license to every 204 of the population! [1]
[1] Yorkshire Gazette, 15 February 1908
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