The Crystal Brewery

The Crystal Brewery existed in 1866 when it was described as 'flooded'. [1] It was operated by William Wrangham who advertised the sale of 'Patent Desiccated Grains' in 1870 [2]. In 1896 someone at that address was wanting a position as under-brewer or brewer [3] It became a limited company in 1893 being registered on the 14th March with a capital of £12,000 in £10 shares, to acquire the business of Wm. Wrangham, heretofore carried on by him at Malton, Yorkshire, and to carry on the business of brewers, millers, maltsters, corn, hay, seed, forage, flour, manure, wine and spirit merchants and importers, hop merchants, malt factors, coppers, bottlers, bottle makers, and all analogous trades. The subscribers are:- Wm. Wrangham, Malton, brewer 500; T. Leefe, Malton, ironmonger, 20; G.W. Slater, Malton, seedsman, 20; G.W. Hardy, Malton, chemist 20; Wm. Dixon, Malton, brewer's traveller, 5; E. Clough, Malton, Brewer's clerk, 5; E. Wrangham, Malton, spinster, 5. The number of directors is not to be more than seven, nor less than two, the first being Wm. Wrangham, T. Leefe, J. Marriott, G.W. Slater, and G.W. Hardy; qualification £200, remuneration £50 per annum. Registered offices, 13 Yorkersgate, Malton, Yorkshire. [4]

  • [1] Hull Packet, 7 September 1866
  • [2] Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, 7 February 1872
  • [3] Daily Gazette for Middlesbrough, 12 February 1896
  • [4] Daily Gazette for Middlesbrough 18 March 1893
The Old Brewery

An advertisement by John Walker & Co, for Walkers Pale, Strong and Mild ale in 1866 states their business and therefore presumably the Old Brewery to have been established in 1700 [1]. In February 1892 it was announced [9] that 'the whole of the valuable brewing plant, horses, wagons, drays, carts, and effects, at the Brewery, Castlegate, Malton, the property of Messrs. John Walker & Co. per instructions of the Trustee J. Rhodes, Esq., Birmingham', was for sale. W. Garbutt was a brewer at Hovingham and took over the Worsley Arms there from his father. It is believed that Mr Garbutt bid and in 1892 he took the brewery at Malton and after a year took into partnership Percy Standidge. This partnership was dissolved, the business being bought by Messrs. C. Rose & Co. Mr Garbutt purchased a brewery in Hunslet but bankruptcy proceedings were commenced against him in January 1895 [7] Percy Standidge became the proprietor of the Sun Hotel in Wheelgate, he too became bankrupt in 1896 [8] At the end of 1892 Garbutt and Standidge were advertising 'to purchase 50,000 dozen small champagne bottles [2] and for a Brewer's Traveller and described themselves as 'late Walker & Co., Old Brewery, Malton.' [3] Early in October 1893 the partnership between Garbutt and Standidge was dissolved [4] In 1893, Garbutt and Potter were advertising for 'an experienced working maltster to take charge of a 45qr kiln.' [5] In 1894 it was being operated by Messrs. Clark, Rose & Co. [6]

  • [1] Morning Advertiser, 24 March 1866
  • [2] York Herald, 29 November 1892
  • [3] York Herald, 19 December 1892
  • [4] London Gazette, 6 October 1893
  • [5] York Herald, 12 October 1893
  • [6] Daily Gazette for Middlesbrough, 1 November 1894
  • [7] Leeds Times, 30 March 1895
  • [8] Yorkshire Gazette, 25 April 1896
  • [9] York Herald, 20 February 1892
The Griffin Brewery

In April 1862, J. Cooper and W. Wigglesworth advertised they had taken the Griffin Brewery [1]. In March 1864 however this partnership was dissolved as far as regards Mr. Wigglesworth. [2] On 16th December 1864, Joseph Cooper and Benjamin Sladin, partners, trading as Joseph Cooper and Company and carrying on their business at the Griffin Brewery assigned their business for the benefit of their creditors [3]. The business was put up for auction early in 1865, 'by order of the Trustees, as under a Deed of Assignment, in Trust for Creditors'. The plant was stated to brew 100 quarters per week. [4] In 1869, the business was up for sale on account of the expiration of the present Tenants' Lease. The business was said to be considerable 'extending over the North and East Ridings of Yorkshire, and the County of Durham'[5]. At some point before June 1875, Walter Cayley Alexander takes the Griffin Brewery [6]. In 1878 the Griffin Brewery was up for sale again and then said to be in the occupation of Mr. Cayley Alexander - there was one bid for £2,000 and the property was withdrawn [7]

  • [1] Malton Messenger, 19 April 1862
  • [2] Bradford Observer, 24 March 1864 see also The London Gazette 15 March 1864 (issue 22833, page 1567)
  • [3] Yorkshire Gazette, 24 December 1864
  • [4] Yorkshire Gazette, 11 February 1865
  • [5] York Herald, 23 January 1869
  • [6] York herald, 10 June 1875
  • [7] Hull Packet, 8 March 1878
My Image

The Derwent Brewery

This was operated by James Russell & Co. An annual cricket match was played among the employees [1] The grandfather of James Russell was the partner in 'Russell and Witty' brewers and maltster operating in the town in the early part of the 19th century. At this time there were two other prominent brewers: Tomlinson & Co., and Walker and Dunlop. [2]

  • [1] York Herald, 17 August 1892
  • [2] Yorkshire Gazette, 16 May 1914

Late summer 1897 saw major change for the breweries in Malton. Russell & Sons of the Derwent Brewery, acquired William Wrangham Limited of the Crystal Brewery 'with a view to the amalgamation of the two concerns.' The business was named Russells and Wrangham Limited. Around the same time a Blackburn based company acquired Chas. Rose and Company (formerly Walker & Co.) [1]

Russell & Wranghams had a profit sharing scheme, started 1911, whereby between 75 and 80 employees owned shares in the company. The mill was stopped and reconstructed in 1923 so it could use a greater proportion of English wheat [2]

  • [1] Northern Echo, 30 August 1897
  • [2] Malton Messenger, 26 May 1923
1851 Census

A number of brewers are listed in Malton in the 1851 Census. We know that George Kingston and his son Richard (employing 9 men) operated from the Griffin Brewery. John Dunlop and John Walker operated from the Old Brewery and William Wrangham from the Crystal Brewery. James Russell operated from the Derwent Brewery (3 maltster and 3 brewers). It is said that William Wilson had the Albion Brewery. All these were in Castlegate / Low street

In the County of York
And the Plant, Stock-in-Trade, Debts, Credits, and Freehold and Leasehold Properties connected therewith.

At the House of Mr. John Davidson, the GEORGE INN, in Malton, in the County of York, on SATURDAY, the 18th Day of FEBRUARY, 1865, at FIVE o'Clock in the Evening, by order of the Trustees under a Deed of Assignment, in Trust for Creditors, subject to such Condition of Sale as will be then produced, in One Lot. THE GOOD-WILL OF AND IN THE BREWING BUSINESS heretofore carried on by Joseph Cooper and Company, at the GRIFFIN BREWERY, in MALTON aforesaid; and the several STORES at Scarborough, Sunderland, Whitby, Darlington, and other Places connected therewith; and also THE PLANT at the said Griffin Brewery, and the several stores aforesaid. Together with the STOCK-IN-TRADE, DEBTS, CREDITS, and EFFECTS belonging thereto or connected therewith; and the INTEREST in the LEASE of the said BREWERY. Also all that Freehold PUBLIC-HOUSE or INN, called "The Pack Horse Inn," situate at Farmanby, in the Parish of Ellerburn, in the said County of York, with the COTTAGE at the back thereof, and the BARNS, STABLE, GARDEN, ORCHARD, LAND, and OUTBUILDINGS thereunto belonging, now or late in the several occupations of Thomas Wood and another. Also all that Freehold PUBLIC-HOUSE or INN, called "The Cross Keys," situate at Sinnington, in the said county of York, with the GARDEN and CROFT thereto belonging, containing Two Roods or thereabouts, and now or late in the occupation of John Trenholme. Also all that Leasehold BEERHOUSE, situate at Norton, near MALTON aforesaid known by the name of the "Norton Hotel," with the Appurtenances thereto belonging. The Brewing Plant and Effects at the Brewery and the several Stores were valued in the month of April last at £2932, and since that time upwards of £300 has been (in additions and improvements) expended on the plant. The Debts owing to the brewery amount to £4500, or thereabouts, and are considered good, - and there is Saleable Stock on the Premises at the present time worth £1100. The plant is calculated to Brew 100 Quarters per Week, and there are Seven Years in the Lease of the Brewery yet unexpired, and the Lessors are willing to renew the Lease to any respectable Tenant. There are mortgages of £300 and £250 on the Pack Horse and the Cross Keys Public-Houses. The Charge for Rent of the Brewery and Improvements is £250 per Year. The Connexion of the Business is extensive, and an opportunity is here offered to a private Capitalist or Company seldom to be met with. An Inventory of the plant, Debts, &c., may be seen, and the premises inspected, on applying to THOMAS REED, Esq., of the East Riding Bank, Malton; or at the GRIFFIN BREWERY, Malton. The purchaser will be required to pay a Deposit of 5 per Cent. On the amount of the Purchase Money immediately at the close of the Bidding. For further Particulars apply to the said THOMAS REED; to the AUCTIONEER, The Orchard, Rochdale; or to Messrs. J.&H. STANDRING, Solicitors, Rochdale.

Yorkshire Gazette 11 Februay 1865

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